The earlier tradition of Joshua’s appointment, which comes from the Elohist source, has been grafted onto the end of Deuteronomy. As noted previously (#166), it has some striking differences when compared to the Priestly writer’s version.
- As we saw in other entries (#166, #220, #231, #254), the Aaronid priests who wrote this text has Yahweh adamantly decree that no non-Aaronid is to enter the Tent of Meeting! But in the earlier Elohist source, this is exactly what the non-Aaronid Joshua does! Thus, the Elohist also presents Joshua’s appointment as a private affair in the Tent of Meeting. This contradicts with P’s version of a public occasion outside of the Tent of Meeting: “in front of all the congregation.”
- The Elohist version is now amended to the Deuteronomic account of Moses’ death at the end of Deuteronomy. Likewise, but in different fashion, the appointment of Joshua is amended to the Priestly version of Moses’ death, or the anticipation of it, in Numbers 27. So the conferment now happens at two different locations and times.