#144. Is the reparation for stealing four or fivefold OR one and one-fifth fold? (Ex 21:37 vs Lev 5:24)

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The Bible’s variant legal codes give 2 contradictory responses concerning how much reparation ought to be payed by a thief.

Exodus 21:37 states that if a man should steal an ox or a sheep and slaughter it or sell it, he shall pay 5 oxen for the stolen ox, and 4 sheep for the stolen sheep. Later one at 22:3 we’re informed that if the stolen animal is still alive or in the thief’s possession then he shall pay back 2 animals.

The Priestly legislation, however, only requires that the thief pay back a sum equal to the stolen animal’s worth plus a fifth.

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